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Info about danish shipwrights and danish shipbuilding in general: coming soon

 

Shipwrights:

 

Henrik Gerner, 1742 - 1787

Designed 18 ships of the line, 11 frigates and 4 snows for the danish navy and at least 109 ships of various sizes for trade companies and merchants.

 

Joined the navy at the age of 13, became a junior member of the shipbuilding commission in 1763. Trained by Krabbe, he, together with E.W. Stibolt, was sent for futher studies to France and England in 1768, and, after returning to Denmark in 1772, he was appointed as fabrikmester, succeding his former mentor.

In addition to his extensive work as a naval architect, he also translated Duhamel´s 'Les éléments de l'architecture navale' and Newton´s 'Philosophia Naturalis Principia Mathematica' into danish. Gerner died in 1787, only 45 years old. His early death following an apolexy could have been a result of the constant intrigues by his enemies, amongst them the naval minister Rosenkrantz and Stibolt, who became the next fabrikmester in 1790.

 

E.W. Stibolt, 1741 - 1796

Designed 3 ships of the line, 5 frigates and 11 brigs for the danish navy.

 

Joined the navy at the age of 14 and became a junior member of the shipbuilding commission in 1763. He accompanied Gerner on the study trip to various european shipyards and came back to Denmark in 1773, when he was promoted to a full member of the commission and made a lecturer at the naval academy. Between 1778 and 1782, he participated in the American War of Independence as an officer in the french navy. After his return, he

started submitting plans behind Gerner´s back and the rivalry between the two began in earnest. Appointed fabrikmester in 1790, he resigned in 1796 and committed suicide in the same year.

 

Like Gerner´s, his designs show a substantial french influence, which is hardly surprising as he spent a lot of time in France and it´s Navy.

 

 

Ships, presented and planned

 

Waldemar, 80-gun ship (36p), 1795, Stibolt                                       *done*

Neptunus, 80-ship (36p), 1789, Gerner

Prindsesse Sophia Friderica, 74-gun ship (24p), 1773, Gerner

Seiren, 64-gun ship (24p), 1793 , Stibolt                                             *done*

Perlen, frigate, 46 guns (24p), 1804, Hohlenberg                               *done*

Iris, frigate, 1795, 40 guns (18p), Stibolt

Friderichsværn, frigate, 1784, 36 guns (12p), Gerner                        *done*

Triton, frigate, 1789, 30 guns (12p), Stibolt                                        *done*

Christiansborg, frigate, 1758, 24 guns (12p), Krabbe                         *done*

8-pounder frigate concept by Stibolt, 24-guns (8p), 1794                   *done*

Christiania, ship-sloop, 20 guns (8p), Krabbe                                      *done*

Lougen, brig, 1805, 20 guns,  E.W. Stibolt                                           *done*

Amagern, snow, 14 guns

 

Note: conversion factor for danish to british pounds: 1, 038

         conversion factor for danish to british feet      : 1, 0305

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Waldemar, 80-gun ship, 1798, Stibolt

 

 

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Dimensions (danish fod)

 

Length                                                               179'         

Breadth                                                              48' 6''

Depth in Hold                                                     21' 5''

 

Draught Foreward                                             19' 7''

Draught Aft                                                        20' 9''

 

Height of middle gunport above the water          5' 3''

 

Armament (danish service)

 

30*36-pounders

30*24-pounders

20*12-pounders

 

 

Seieren, 64-gun ship, 1795, Stibolt

 

 

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Dimensions (danish fod)

 

Length:                                                                               158' 5''

Breadth:                                                                               43' 4''

Depth in Hold:                                                                      20' 2'

 

Draught Foreward                                                               18' 1''         

Draught Aft                                                                          19' 3''          

 

Height of middle gunport above the water                           5' 3''            

 

 

Armament

 

26*24-pounders

26*12-pounders

12*8-pounders

 

 

Perlen, frigate, 1804, 46 guns, Hohlenberg

 

 

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Dimensions (danish fod)

 

Length                                                                150' (danish)

Breadth                                                                 39'

Depth in Hold                                                        20'

 

Draught Foreward                                               16' 7''

Draught Aft                                                          17' 7''

 

Height of middle gunport above the water           6' 9''

 

L/B ratio                                                               3,85

 

 

Armament

 

26*24-pounders

12*12-pounders

8* 24-pounder carronades

 

 

Friderichsværn, frigate, 1784, 36 guns, Gerner

 

 

Plans:

 

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Sheer and Body Plan for Kiel

 

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Stern and Head

 

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Sailplan (1801)

 

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Cross Section

 

 

Dimensions:

 

Length:                                                          127' (danish)        / 130' 10'' (imperial)

Breadth:                                                          36' (danish)        /   37' 1''    (imperial)

Depth in Hold:                                                 17' 2'' (danish)    /   17' 8''    (imperial)

Draught Foreward                                                                          14' 2''    (imperial)

Draught Aft                                                                                     15' 2''    (imperial)

 

Height of middle gunport above the water                                       6' 2'' (imperial)

 

L/B Ratio              3,53

 

Armament:

 

26* danish 12-pounders

10* danish 4-pounders (later replaced by 12-pounder carronades)

 

Designed by H. Gerner, probably Denmarks most eminent shipwright in the 18th century, Friderichsværn was one of seven ships of the Bornholm-class. Launched 1784 and captured by HMS Comus before the 2nd Battle of Copenhagen. Sold 1814.

 

Other ships in class:

Bornholm       (1774)

Kiel                (1775)

Moen             (1777)

St. Thomas    (1779)

Cronborg        (1781)

Det Store Belt (1782)

 

 

Triton, frigate, 1789, 30 guns, Stibolt

 

 

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Dimensions

 

Length:                                                      126' (danish) / 129' 10'' (imperial)

Breadth:                                                      34' (danish) /  35' 1'' (imperial)

Depth in hold:                                                14' 3'' (danish) / 14' 9'' (imperial)

 

Height of middle gunport above waterline:       5' 9'' (danish) / 6' (imperial)

 

Armament:

 

24* 12 pounders + dedicated bowchase port, 6* 12-pounder carronades on the quarterdeck

 

 

Designed by fabrikmester E. Stibolt and launched 1789, burnt by the british after the Battle of Copenhagen 1807.

The french-style hull shape is typical for the pre-Hohlenberg era and given her rather conservative number of guns, speed seems to have been the focus of this ship.

 

 

Christiansborg, frigate, 1758, 24 guns, Krabbe

 

 

Plans (from the Danish National Archives/ Orlogsbasen)

 

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Sheer

 

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Head and Stern

 

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Sailplan

 

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Inboard Profile

 

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Cross section

 

Dimensions

 

Length                                                                128' (danish)

Breadth                                                                 33' 10''

Depth in Hold                                                        13'

 

Draught Foreward                                               13' 3''

Draught Aft                                                          14' 6''

 

Height of middle gunport above the water           5' 9''

 

L/B ratio                                                               3,79

 

Armament

 

24* danish 12-pounders

 

 

Designed by M. Krabbe, launched 1758, broken up 1786.

 

Krabbe submitted this plan after returning from the obligatory european study trip (1752 - 1756, visiting british, french, italian and dutch shipyards) and a certain french influence is clearly visible.

 

 

8 or 12-pounder frigate concept by E.W. Stibolt, dated 1794

 

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Dimensions (danish fod)

 

Length                                                                       125'       

Breadth                                                                       33'

Depth in Hold                                                              16' 7''

 

Draught Foreward                                                      13' 3''

Draught Aft                                                                 14' 6''

Height of middle gunport above the water                    5' 9''

 

L/B ratio                                                                      3.78

 

Armament

 

24* danish 8-pounders

 

 

Christiania, ship-sloop, 1774, 20 guns, Krabbe

 

 

Plans (from the Danish National Archives/Orlogsbasen):

 

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Sheer and Body Plan

 

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Head and Stern

 

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Cross Section

 

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Sailplan (1772/1780)

 

Dimensions:

 

Length:                                                            115'  (danish)

Breadth                                                             31'

Depth in Hold                                                    15' 3''

 

Draught Foreward                                             12' 6''

Draught Aft                                                        13' 6'

 

Height of middle gunport above the water          5' 3''

 

L/B ratio                                                             3.71

 

Armament:

 

20* Danish 8-pounders

10* Danish 1-pounder falconettes

 

 

Designed by M. Krabbe and launched 1774 at Fridericksvaern (Norway).

 

 

Lougen (II), brig, 1805, 18 guns,  Stibolt

 

 

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Dimensions (danish fod)

 

Length:                                                              89' 

Breadth                                                             26'

Depth in Hold                                                      /

 

Draught Foreward                                             11'

Draught Aft                                                        10'

 

Height of middle gunport above the water          4'

 

 

Armament

 

18* 6-pounders

 

or

 

18* short 18-pounders

 

 

 

 

Sources:

 

Fregat et Snau, Auer, 2008

Ships and Shipbuilders: Pioneers of Design and Constructions, Walker, 2010

Ships and Science The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1800, Ferreiro, 2007

 

Plans:

 

Orlogsbasen

Danish National Archives

Edited by Malachi
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Request:

 

Could a kind danish captain translate this, please? It´s for Stibolt´s 8-pounder concept.

 

Og paa Skandse og Bak 6 Stykker 12 pundige Houbitzer paa Klodser at flytte hvor det eragtes noedig paa

Siiderne, samt for og agterud. Altsaa at med denne Fregat kan Skydes til en af Siderne med 11 a 12 Canoner og med 3 a 4 Houbitzer.

 

I assume it´s about stern/bow chasers, but google translate gives me garbage :P

 

I'm not quite certain what he's envisioning here: I think he's saying that there should be six 12 pound carronades (or "howitzers") fore and aft on some kind of "blocks" or devises so that you can turn them to the sides when necessary; meaning that you'll get that extra firepower for the broadside.

Edited by Niels Terkildsen
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I'm not quite certain what he's envisioning here: I think he's saying that there should be six 12 pound carronades (or "howitzers") fore and aft on some kind of "blocks" or devises so that you can turn them to the sides when necessary; meaning that you'll get that extra firepower for the broadside.

i dont think that it is carronades, but some kind of mortar 

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FYEN 1746 (50)

The FYEN is the first ship of a class of 50gun ships of the line of the Royal Danish Navy, designed on the basis of the british ship HMS AUGUSTA 1739.
 
Length pp: 43,64m - Width: 11,93m - Depth: 5,77m
 
Ships of this class:

 

FYEN 1746, ISLAND 1751, SEYEREN 1754, GRÖNLAND 1755, EBENETZER 1757, FYEN 1758, ST CROIX 1758, STORMARN 1758, SLESVIG 1767
 
Set of Drawings FYEN 1746, Scale 1:48
Rigging plan in 1:64, 3 Sheets A0, Length (pp.) 90,9cm
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PRINDSESSE SOPHIA MAGDALENA 1765

Drawings from the Danish National Archives
Ship of the line PRINDSESSE SOPHIA MAGDALENA 1765
 
The PRINDSESSE SOPHIA MAGDALENA is a 60gun ship of the line of the Royal Danish Navy.
 
Length pp: 49,28m - Width: 13,34m - Depth: 5,96m
 
Set of Drawings PRDSE SOPHIA MAGDALENA 1765, Scale 1:48

 

Rigging plan in 1:72, 3 Sheets A0, Length (pp.) 102,66cm
 
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post-5487-0-26505700-1451644705.jpg

 

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Rigernes ønske 1766(?)

 

oS6IEvb.jpg

 

"As was the custom in the past the »Rigernes Ønske« was. also adorned with ornaments. Here we can see the beautiful rococo embellishments ofthe stern and the side galleries. The latter bear the company's initials at the top. - The Danish National Archives, the Navy's Collection ofMaps and Drawings, G 3009."

 

"The head of the ship served as an adornment to theforebody, especially thanks to the ship's figurehead. Here on the »Rigernes Ønske« the figurehead was designed as an angel of victory with a trumpet and a victory wreath"

 

 

28-4026626-g2736-rigernes-onske-36.jpg

 

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"The »Rigernes Ønske« is the only DAC East-Indiamanfor which afullset of construction drawings has been preserved. The ship was built between 1763 and 1766. This is a plan oj sails on the beautiful Jrigate, which had a capacity oJ about 300 tons. - The Danish National Archives, the Navy's Collection oJMaps and Drawings, G 2738."

 

 

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"Cross-section and plan ofthe second deck ofthe »Rigernes Ønske«. This ship was constructed by the famous F.K. Krabbe and was 108 feet long, 30 feet wide, and drew almost 16 feet abaft. It could be fitted with 36 guns whose porthohs can be seen in the drawing. Notice too the very heavy capstan and the powerful bilge pump by the main mast. - The Danish National Archives, the Navy's Collection oJMaps and Drawings, G 2739."

 

 

Would somebody be kind enough to translate the text or share any info that he might know? :D

Edited by Sella22

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Judging by the hull shape my untrained eye assumes that as well. It also seems that the first with the rest of the  plans are two different ships.

Edited by Sella22

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Found some info here mostly in danish:http://mfs.dk/sites/default/files/documents/1987Asiatiskkompagnissejlads22-86.pdf

 

Added the to the OP.Still need somebody to translate some of it!

 

What i find really interesting though is that in the second plan the name Rigernes Onske is really visible on the bottom right corner of the plan but the stern and the bow are different than the ones shown above it.

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The ship should be able to carry 150 Kommercelæst a kommercelæst is a measurement that are equal too 2600kg and is equal to 22 barrels of rye the volume of a kommercelæst is equal to 82,5 Danish cubic feet in metric measurement that would be 2,55057 cubic meter so this ship could transport 382 cubic meter and 390 tons of gods.

But this number might be low because according to Wikipedia then the Danes cheated and were publishing numbers that were 1/6 lower than there actual value to get a commercial advantage.

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More plans will be added on daily/weekly basis.

To see full size image - Right Click + Open image in New Tab

Small Ships

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Medium Ships

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Large Ships

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1 hour ago, Fluffy Fishy said:

Do I spy a Danish galiot there? Weird rudder they have going on and the lines seem very sharp too, interesting find :)

Yeah, I have more plans of such ships. Will add them eventually. 

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2 hours ago, Fluffy Fishy said:

Do I spy a Danish galiot there? Weird rudder they have going on and the lines seem very sharp too, interesting find :)

That's the French xebec 'Le Requin'. 

 

 

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