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Found 65 results

  1. Open collection of Trader ships with large variety of figureheads. Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5
  2. Looking for names, specs and history. Koopvaardijfregat 'Javaan' Pluto
  3. I am sure many of you would like this curious french visual guide of sail vessels http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k9613477d Its the full book, An example...
  4. Currently, the entire collection of in-game fifth-rates are true sailing frigates - long, low ships with most of their armament concentrated in a single gun deck. The Renomee seen in game is one of the earliest examples of this type of ship; for the first half of the 1670-1830 time frame the typical fifth-rate or equivalent ship was a compact two-decker, shorter and more upright than later frigates. These ships tended to have 22 guns or fewer on each gun deck and minimal armament on the upper works of the ship, and were given a range of contemporary labels as broad as just 'ship' to the more descriptive French labels like fregate a deux batteries or frigate-vaisseux de premiere ordre. As an example of the type - HMS Rainbow. HMS Rainbow was built after Renomee and her capture; by the time she was launched, she was unfashionable and obsolescent. Rainbow had a perfectly respectable career and for whichever reason was kept in service while the other ships of the 1745 Establishment group of 44-gun ships was broken up or sold out of service; after HMS Crown was broken up in 1770, Rainbow was the last of her class. Small two-deckers like Rainbow were much cheaper to keep on station than powerful ships of the line and would be more powerful than single-deck frigates for a little while longer, so Rainbow was kept occupied and there was even a small resurgence in two-decker fifth-rates with new ships of the Roebuck-class and HMS Serapis being ordered. In one of the larger naval battles of the American War of Independence, Rainbow and HMS Flora with the brig HMS Victor encountered two frigates of the Continental Navy, Boston and Hancock and the captured British frigate Fox - the elderly two-decker was able to pursue the two American ships and then the Hancock when they separated for thirty-nine hours, eventually coming up on Hancock and trading broadsides until the American ship surrendered. In 1782, Rainbow was chosen as the platform for an experimental armament of carronades, which had previously been sold to merchant ships and privateers and not found favour with naval authorities. Thoroughly obsolete by design and thirty-five years old, Rainbow encountered L'Hebe, recently-launched and the first of her class, in the English Channel. L'Hebe's captain became alarmed when he realised the shot fired from Rainbow's bow chasers were 32-pounder balls, reckoning that Rainbow was a disguised ship of the line. On Rainbow's first broadside, a 68-pound cannonball from her main battery carried away Hebe's foremast while another destroyed the helm; Hebe's captain ordered one broadside fired so as not to disgrace the flag before surrendering. Hebe had an extended career in British service, and the state-of-the-art ship was the basis of the Leda-class frigates of which the in-game Trincomalee is an example. Carronades became a typical part of the armament on the Royal Navy's ships after Rainbow's duel, though all-carronade armaments were only used on marginal ships that would not have had adequate armament otherwise. Rainbow herself was placed in ordinary in 1784 and eventually sold out of service in 1802. Her armament varied over her career between 44 and 48 guns. Her original rating reflected an armament of 20x18 pounders, 20x9pounders, and 4x6 pounders on her quarterdeck. Following repairs and recommissioning in 1762 her armament was 20x18 pounders, 22x9 pounders, and 2x6 pounders on her forecastle. When she was armed with carronades she carried 20x68 pounders, 22x42 pounders, and 6x32 pounders with both the forecastle and quarterdeck armed. Records of both the Hancock and Hebe incidents refer to her firing bow chasers, while the plan of her sister ship America shows gun ports at the level of her main battery below the stern gallery. What might she be in-game? A bruiser. A slower and less agile ship the single-deck frigates, but with decent firepower - a broadside of 280-300 pounds - and durability reflecting the additional enclosed deck and her mass and structure being condensed in a shorter ship (She's 17 or 18 feet shorter than Trincomalee). A way for lower-ranked captains to experience the sailing and fighting style of later ships of the line, and at higher levels a tank among frigates and a watchdog and tagger for ships of the line. If, like other fifth-rates, she had the option of an all-carronade armament, the equivalence between carronade and cannon weights is different in game, and the 68/42/32-pounder setup would be more likely to find expression in a 32-42/32/18-24 pounder setup. Yes, Rainbow is a British ship, but I've been able to find plenty of information about her along with plans and models of her sisters and her career as an old-style two-decker that served in the time dominated by single-deck sail frigates is interesting. There are a whole heap of intermediate two-deckers from other nations but I've largely only been able to find minimal information for them - mostly names, service dates, and career highlights with a sort of two out of three of armament, measurements, and crew complement and without models, plans, or art of them. So while I've opened with Rainbow as an example, I invite anyone to discuss any intermediate two-deckers or demi-batteries that would match the in-game fifth rate.
  5. Here is a large collection of early 50 gun frigates and 4th Rate ships. I will be adding more plans soon! Enjoy.
  6. HMS Prince Regent (1814), 56 guns. HMS Prince Regent was the largest British ship to see action on the Great Lakes in the War of 1812. Built at Kingston, Ontario in response to the advent of American super-frigates and the arms race to maximize firepower relative to size in ships built to operate on the Lakes, the Prince Regent packed a big punch into a unique hull. She was variously referred to as a frigate and a two-decker SoL. http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/66642.html#k3RsgjfGHcTwtqGG.97 Length of Gundeck - 155' 10" Breadth - 43' 1" Depth in Hold - 9' 2" Burthen - 1,293 50⁄94 Tons BM Spar Deck - 20-24x 32pdr carronades + 4-8x 68pdr carronades (28x total) Upper Deck - 28-30x 24pdr guns Crew - variously reported as 280 and 550 http://davidgibbins.com/journal/2016/4/5/diving-the-wreck-of-hms-prince-regent-1814-kingston-ontario-canada
  7. Zakharii i Elisavet/Захарий и Елисавет Russian First Rate 1745 100 guns Article: Info: http://threedecks.org/index.php?display_type=show_ship&id=10522 Zakharii i Elisavet Russian 3rd Rate 1795 74 guns Info:http://threedecks.org/index.php?display_type=show_ship&id=10663 Source(in Russian): http://alternathistory.com/g-satskii-delo-o-gladkopalubnykh-lineinykh-korablyakh-katasanova Every piece of info is welcome
  8. Post any pictures or plans you will find: http://shrike.egloos.com/m/1224153
  9. Ok guys, so my favorite ship type is the Sloop of War. I would like people to post plans for Sloop of War ships dating from 1680-1830 here. Sloop of War ships are typically smaller than Corvettes, have a single gundeck usually carrying up to 18 guns, and up to three masts. (the rating system coveres all unrated vessels with 20 guns and above), even gun-brigs and cutters are included in the class. In your post I would like the Name of the ship, followed by nation, guns, and lastly year. Here is an example... Rattlesnake, USA, 18 guns, 1813 Ok guys, post away!
  10. Can we have a pinned thread of blueprints for ships that have made it into the game for easy access and viewing for curious people who want to see what the ship plans for these ships look like? Belle Poule (1780) HMS Bellona (1760) Coventry Class HMS Cerberus (1758) United States Class Super Frigate USS Constitution (1797). These are the British Admiralty draughts of the captured ship President. HMS Ontario (1780) Rattlesnake (1780) Renommee (1744) Surprise/L'Unite (1794) Leda Class Frigate HMS Trincomalee (1817) HMS Victory (1765)
  11. Credit goes to all of the people that found the info/plans/drawings and posted them in the respective threads.I only put them together in a single thread. WiP Mods dont hate me for this D: Sources: http://3decks.pbworks.com/f/Catalogo+dos+navios+brigantinos+%281640-1910%29+-+Esparteiro.pdf http://marinhadeguerraportuguesa.blogspot.gr/2013/04/navios-da-real-marinha-de-guerra.html Nau "Rainha de Portugal" (Alternative spelling : Rainho de Portugal) Portuguese (1791) 80 guns - 3rd Rate http://threedecks.org/index.php?display_type=show_ship&id=7863 Possibly her looks after her rebuild: Nossa Senhora da Conceição 1701 80(?) guns (i counted 102) Unknown
  12. I found a forum with details about many ships and some plans. It would be cool if some of those ships could find their way into this game. HMS Neptune 98 gun 2nd rate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=16545.0 HMS Formidable 98 gun 2nd rate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=19026.0 HMS Spartan 38 gun frigate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=18132.0 HMS Royal George 100 gun 1st rate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=15058.0 HMS Ville de Paris 110 gun 1st rate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=17732.0 HMS Ardent 64 gun 3rd rate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=18096.0 HMS Leviathan 74 gun 3rd rate http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index.php?topic=17025.0 And many many more ships.
  13. British 3rd Rates (Collection) Post ship plans and history. 1760 Bellona: http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/504/media-504802/large.jpg The "baby sister", 1763 St. Albans 64: http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/503/media-503139/large.jpg The very FIRST British-built 74, Slade's 1757 Dublin: http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/503/media-503781/large.jpg Dublin, 1759 Hero (above) and Hercules-class (below) [Hero will be at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/80660.htmlwhen uploaded] http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/502/media-502737/large.jpg Bately's Fame family: 1765 Suffolk & Mod Suffolk - plan at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/81712.htmlwhen available 1765 Canada: http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/503/media-503799/large.jpg Williams's Royal Oak family: top 1769 Royal Oak, bottom 1778 Alfred http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/653/media-653918/large.jpg http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/532/media-532448/large.jpg Hunt's 1782 Ganges, also sometimes called Culloden class but NOT to be confused with the Slade 1776 Cullodens: http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/551/media-551254/large.jpg 1763 Albion class (Slade; downscaled 1757 Neptune 90, which is shown below Albion) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/531/media-531714/large.jpg http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/533/media-533273/large.jpg 1790 Brunswick one-off ('Admiralty') - plan at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/80623.htmlwhen available 1798 Dragon one-off (Rule) - plan at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/80650.htmlwhen available 1801 Plantagenet one-off (Rule) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/504/media-504143/large.jpg 1802 Repulse (Rule) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/504/media-504218/large.jpg 1806 Revenge one-off (Rule; Large 74) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/504/media-504335/large.jpg 1807 Bulwark one-off (Rule; plan is cancelled sister Valiant) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/551/media-551380/large.jpg 1794 Mars (Henslow) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/510/media-510960/large.jpg 1801 Conqueror (Henslow; Mars variant) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/659/media-659337/large.jpg 1800 Courageux one-off (Henslow) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/503/media-503451/large.jpg 1804 Swiftsure (Henslow) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/504/media-504778/large.jpg 1805 Fame/Hero class (Henslow) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/508/media-508431/large.jpg 1806 Colossus (Henslow; Large 74) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/503/media-503619/large.jpg Derived from 1761-capt FR Courageux... first, Courageux herself. http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/505/media-505026/large.jpg 1783 Carnatic http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/503/media-503559/large.jpg 1807 Mod Carnatic http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/559/media-559657/large.jpg 1808 Blake (stretched version) http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/559/media-559642/large.jpg 1810 Armada ("Forty Thieves") http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/504/media-504514/large.jpg - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1757 Valiant - will be at http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/81703.htmlwhen available 1798 Ajax http://collections.rmg.co.uk/mediaLib/510/media-510909/large.jpg
  14. I would like to see editable ship figureheads. Those can be made by players as well as sail pattern designs. You can also sell some cool looking sail patterns/figureheads for $. Post figurehead images that you like:
  15. Hey, i "got" more portuguese ships, because technically i just got one, let me explain. I have plans of 3 different ships. One of them is from a 3rd rate ship but has no data and name(http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/81037.html?_ga=1.70445782.712756216.1451744237) . At royal museum greenwich i searched for the portuguese ship Príncipe Regente and i found this ship (http://prints.rmg.co.uk/art/492661/prince-regent-1814) but with the name Prince Regent with the data 1814. The last ship is a 3rd rate 74 guns, 2 decks called Medusa(just when it was rebuilt(went to 80 instead of 74) in 1793) launched in 24 august 1786 with the name Nossa Senhora do Monte do Carmo. Crew: 500-650 Length: 51,94 m Breadth: 13,65 m 1786 - 74 guns = 28 guns of 32 pounders ||30 guns of 18 pounders ||16 guns of 9 pounders 1793 - 1822 - 80 guns = 30 guns of 32 pounders |34 guns of 18 pounders ||16 guns of 9 pounders Say what you think!
  16. Post for videos on anything interesting and related to age of sail. Videos only please. If description is necessary keep it to 1 sentence or 2. Lets start
  17. Four masted ships Most four masted ships weren't built until the mid 19th century, but there were large galleons (often in the Spanish treasure fleets) with 4 masts during this time period, along with a few Vaisseaux (French Ship of the line style) made with four masts, In 1801 the first four masted Barque ships were made, not to mention a small number of Asian ships that had 4-5 masts that were made leading up to the first Opium war (not the Zheng He treasure ships). Will we be seeing any ships of these sorts? It would be quite interesting to see them as a bit of a rarity, considering until the 1830s-1850s four masted ships weren't common. Four Masted English Galleon https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b1/English_Galleon_Model.jpg Four masted Barque http://www.bruzelius.info/Nautica/Ships/Fourmast_ships/Invention(1801).html
  18. http://www.thepirateking.com/ships/ship_types.htm I found this link its a lot of ships of that kind I hope it helps
  19. This si ship of the line friesland there is another one from later build but cannot find that.
  20. HMS Ramilies 1748 (1741 establishment 2nd rate of 90 guns). HMS Saint George 1740 (1733 establishment 2nd rate of 90 guns). HMS Prince George 1723 (1719 establishment 2nd rate of 90 guns). Get plans while they last.
  21. Ned Loe

    Ship Classes

    Ship classes and their description. Become more familiar with ship classes and their history. Feel free to provide additional info. BARK (BARQUE) Before the 1700's the name was applied to any small vessel. Later it applied to a small ship having three masts. The first two being square-rigged, and the third ( aft mast ) being fore-and-aft rigged. Fast ship with shallow draft. Favorite of Caribbean pirates. Crew around max. of 90. BRIG Very popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries. A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts. To improve maneuverability, the aft mast carries a small gaff rigged fore-and-aft sail. The brig actually developed as a variant of the brigantine. Re-rigging a brigantine with two square-rigged masts instead of one gave it greater sailing power, and was also easier for the crew to manage. During the Age of Sail, brigs were seen as fast and maneuverable and were used as both naval warships and merchant vessels. When used as small warships, they carryed about 10 to 18 guns. Due to their speed and maneuverability they were also popular among pirates, although they were rare among American and Caribbean pirates. BRIGANTINE In sailing, a brigantine is a two-masted vessel with foremast fully square rigged and her mainmast rigged with both a fore-and-aft mainsail (a gaff sail) and a square topsail, and possibly a topgallant sail. Its speed, maneuverability and ease of handling made it a favorite of the Mediterranean pirates. Its name is derived from the Italian word brigantino, meaning brigand. Brigandage refers to the life and practice of brigands: highway robbery and plunder, and a brigand is a person who usually lives in a gang and lives by pillage and robbery. By the 17th century the term was adapted by Atlantic maritime nations. The word eventually was split into brig and brigantines. Each word meaning a different class of ship. The brigantine had no lateen sails but was instead square-rigged on the foremast and had a gaff-rigged mainsail with square rig above it. The main mast of a brigantine is the aft one. The brigantine was generally larger than a sloop or schooner but smaller than a brig. CARAVEL A small ship meant for trading. Originally lateen-rigged they later developed into square-masted ships and were used by the Spanish and Portuguese for exploration. Around 80 feet long. CARRACK Before the advent of the galleon, carracks were the largest ships. They often reached 1,200 tons. They were used for trading voyages to India, China, and the Americas by the Spanish and Portuguese. They were 3 masted with square sails on the fore and main masts and lateen-rigged on the mizzen. They had very high fore and aft-castles. She carried an immense amount of power and thus was able to easily fend off pirates. Only through surprise could one hope to take one of these towering giants. CLIPPER A very fast sailing ship of the 19th century that had three or more masts and a square rig. They were generally narrow for their length, had a large total sail area, and could carry limited bulk freight. These ships came to be recognized for there great speed rather than cargo space. There speed was crucial to compete with the new steamships for commercial use. China clippers are the fastest commercial sailing vessels ever made. Clipper ships were mostly constructed in British and American shipyards. They sailed all over the world, primarily on the major trade routes of the era. The ships had short expected lifetimes and rarely outlasted two decades of use before they were broken up for salvage. Although they were built a century after the golden age of piracy, given their speed and maneuverability, clippers frequently mounted cannon or carronades and some were used for piracy, privateering, smuggling, and interdiction service. CORVETTE (CORVET) The term corvette seems to have begun with the French Navy in the 1670s, to describe a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate and larger than sloops-of-war. Most sloops and corvettes of the late 17th century were around 40 to 60 feet in length. They carried four to eight small guns on a single deck. These early corvettes grew quickly in size over the decades, and by the 1780s they reached lengths of over 100 feet. Most of these large versions had three masts, and carried about 20 guns. The British Navy did not adopt the term until the 1830s, to describe a small sixth-rate vessel somewhat larger than a sloop. CUTTER Cutters were widely used by several navies in the 17th and 18th centuries and were usually the smallest commissioned ships in the fleet. A cutter is a small single-masted boat, fore-and-aft rigged, with two or more headsails, usually carried on a very long bowsprit, which was sometimes as long as half the length of the boat's hull. The mast may be set farther back than on a sloop. The rig gave the cutter excellent maneuverability and they were much better at sailing to windward than a larger square rigged ship. Later larger naval cutters often had the ability to hoist two or three square-rigged sails from their mast to improve their downwind sailing performance as well. Over time the cutter grew in size to include ships of two and three masts. Pilot cutters were widely used near ports to ferry harbor pilots to the big ships. Navies used cutters for coastal patrol, customs duties, escort, carrying personnel and dispatches and for small 'cutting out' raids. As befitted their size and intended role naval cutters were lightly armed, often with between six and twelve small cannon. DHOW Dhows were meant to be trading ships, having a single mast which was lateen-rigged. They were from 150 to 200-ton ships. Arab pirates arming her with cannon would use these ships. DUTCH FLUTE (FLEUT) An early 17th century merchant ship, similar in design to a bark (barque). These were inexpensive to build, and could carry a large cargo. EAST INDIAMAN Designed out of the experiences gathered from long and arduous voyages to india. This class of ships were one of the largest merchant vessels of there era, having three masts and weighing 1100 to 1400 tons. Built from the early 1600's to the end of the 1700's, to transport goods between Asia and Europe. They were usually well armed with cannons to defend themselves. FRIGATE The Venetians called a frigate a small oared boat around 35 feet in length and around 7 feet wide. The English adopted the word for a larger ship which may have carried oars. Around 1700, the English limited the word to mean a class of warship which was only second in size to the Ship-of-the-Line (Man-O-War). Frigates were three-masted with a raised forecastle and quarterdeck. They had anywhere from 24 to 38 guns, and were faster than the ship-of-the-lines. Frigates were used for escort purposes, and sometimes to hunt pirates. Only a few pirates were ever in command of a frigate as most would flee at the sight of one. FUSTE (FUSTA) A favorite of Barbary Corsairs, it was a small ship with both sails and oars. It was fast, long and had a low profile. GALIOT (GALLIOT) Mediterranean In the 16th century, a galiot was a type of ship with oars, also known as a half-galley. The Galiot was long, and sleek with a flush deck. Then, from the 17th century forward, a ship with sails and oars. As used by the Barbary pirates against the Republic of Venice, a galiot had two masts and about 16 ranks of oars. Warships of the type typically carried between two and ten cannons of small caliber, and between 50 and 150 men. She was used by the Barbary corsairs in the Mediterranean. GALIOT (GALLIOT) North Sea In the 17th thru 19th century, a galiot was a type of Dutch or German trade ship, similar to a ketch, with a rounded fore and aft like a fluyt. They had nearly flat bottoms to sail in shallow waters. These ships were especially favored for coastal navigation in the North Sea and Baltic Sea. GALLEON Galleons were large ships meant for transporting cargo. Galleons were sluggish behemoths, not able to sail into or near the wind. The Spanish treasure fleets were made of these ships. Although they were sluggish, they weren't the easy target you would expect for they could carry heavy cannon which made a direct assault upon them difficult. She had two to three decks. Most had three masts, forward masts being square-rigged, lateen-sails on the mizzenmast, and a small square sail on her high-rising bowsprit. Some galleons sported 4 masts but these were an exception to the rule. GALLEY Galleys have an extremely long history, dating back to ancient times. They were used until the Russo-Swedish war of 1809. They had one deck and were mainly powered by oars. They were costly to maintain and fell into disuse. However they were still being used by the Barbary corsairs in the Mediterranean. As they were meant to carry soldiers they were used in a few large-scale raids. There was a version of the galley used in the Atlantic by the English. They had a flush deck and were propelled by both oar and sail. They were rigged like frigates. Captain Kidd made his name in one of these, the "Adventure Galley". GUINEAMAN A guineaman was a large cargo ship engaged in trade with the Guinea coast of Africa. Many were specially converted or purpose built for the transportation of slaves, especially newly purchased African slaves to the Americas. Their hulls were divided into holds with little headroom, so they could transport as many slaves as possible. Unhygienic conditions, dehydration, dysentery and scurvy led to high mortality rates on average 15% and up to a third of captives. Slave ships adopted quicker, more maneuverable forms to cross the Atlantic faster to increase profits, and later to evade capture by naval warships once the African slave trade was banned by the British and Americans in 1807. The guineaman's speed and size made them attractive ships to repurpose for piracy, and also for naval use after capture. The USS Nightingale(1851) and HMS Black Joke(1827) were examples of such vessels. Several well-known pirates like Blackbeard and Samuel Bellamy captured and converted them for piracy. JUNK The word junk derives from the Portuguese junco, which in turn came from the Javanese word djong, which means ship. The ship has a flat-bottom with no keel, flat bow, and a high stern. A junk's width is about a third of its length and she has a rudder which can be lowered or raised providing excellent steering capabilities. A junk has two or three masts with square sails, made from bamboo, rattan or grass. Contrary to belief, the junk is capable of operating in any seas as she is a very sea-worthy vessel. KETCH A two mast vessel with a large sail on the mainmast and a smaller mizzen. Historically the ketch was a square-rigged vessel, most commonly used as a freighter or fishing boat in northern Europe, particularly in the Baltic and North seas. During the 17th and 18th centuries, ketches were commonly used as small warships. In the latter part of the 18th century, they were largely supplanted by the brig, which differs from the ketch by having a forward mast smaller (or occasionally similar in size) than the aft mast. The ketch continued in use as a specialized vessel for carrying mortars until after the Napoleonic wars, in this application it was called a bomb ketch. In modern usage, the ketch is a fore-and-aft rigged vessel used as a yacht or pleasure craft. LONGBOAT Much like a rowboat except they were very long. These were carried on ships and used for coming and going to the ship. They were normally rowed but often had a removable mast and sail. Also some were armed with one or more very small cannon. LUGGER A vessel with a lugsail rig, normally two-masted. When they were used for smuggling or as privateers, extra sail was often added aft. These small ships were mainly used by merchants in coastal waters. PINK (MERCHANT) There are two classifications of Pink. The first was a small, flat-bottomed ship with a narrow stern. This ship was derived from the Italian pinco. It was used primarily in the Mediterranean as a cargo ship. In the Atlantic the word pink was used to describe any small ship with a narrow stern, having derived from the Dutch word pincke. They were generally square-rigged and used as fishing boats, merchantmen, and warships. PINNACE The Dutch built pinnaces during the early 17th century. They had a hull form resembling a small "race built" galleon, and were usually square rigged on three masts, or carried a similar rig on two masts, like the later "brig". Pinnaces were used as merchant vessels, privateers and small warships. POLACCA A polacca (or polacre) is a type of seventeenth-century sailing vessel, similar to the xebec. The name is the feminine of "Polish" in the Italian language. The polacca was frequently seen in the Mediterranean. It had three single-pole masts, often with a lateen hoisted on the foremast (which was slanted forward to accommodate the large lateen yard) and a gaff or lateen on the mizzen mast. The mainmast was square-rigged after the European style. Special polaccas were used by Murat Reis, whose ships had lateen sails in front and Fore-and-aft rig behind. Some polacca pictures show what appears to be a ship-rigged vessel (sometimes with a lateen on the mizzen) with a galley-like hull and single-pole masts. Thus, the term "polacca" seems to refer primarily to the masting and possibly the hull type as opposed to the type of rig used for the sails. SCHOONER The Schooner has a narrow hull, two masts and is less than 100 tons. She is generally rigged with two large sails suspended from spars reaching from the top of the mast toward the stern. Other sails sometimes were added, including a large headsail attached to the bowsprit. She had a shallow draft which allowed her to remain in shallow coves waiting for her prey. The Schooner is very fast and large enough to carry a plentiful crew. It was a favorite among both pirates and smugglers. SHIP OF THE LINE (MAN-O-WAR) From the 17th century into the 19th, these ships were the "heavy-guns" of the naval fleet. At first they resembled galleons in design, but carried massive firepower with an average of 60 guns. Over the course of time, they developed into larger and heavier beasts. They were designed to be large enough for use in line of battle tactics, hence there name. In the 18th century they ranged from fourth rate ships of 50 guns, up to first rate ships of 120 guns. Most were around 2,500-2,900 tons and had 3 masts, but others giants could reach as much as 4,609 tons. Man-o-war sails were square-rigged, except for a lateen sail on her aft-mast. The major sea-powers of that time were: (Spain, England, France, Dutch, Portugal, Russia, Ottoman Empire, Denmark-Norway and Sweden) and had an extensive use of these ships. SLAVE SHIP (SLAVER) These were large cargo ships converted for the purpose of transporting slaves. They reached their peak use between the 17th to early 19th century. There large size and ability to handle long ocean voyages made them attractive targets for pirates. Early western slave ships would have mostly been square rigged merchant/galleon types. Later these ships became more purpose built. See Guineaman description above. SLOOP The Sloop was fast, agile, and had a shallow draft. They usually had a speed of around 12 knots. Her size could be as large as 100 tons. She was generally rigged with a large mainsail which was attached to a spar above the mast on its foremost edge, and to a long boom below. She could sport additional sails both square and lateen-rigged. She was used mainly in the Caribbean and Atlantic. Since piracy was a significant threat in Caribbean waters, merchants sought ships that could outrun pursuers. Ironically, that same speed and maneuverability made them highly prized and even more targeted by the pirates they were designed to avoid. SLOOP-OF-WAR In the 18th and most of the 19th centuries, a sloop-of-war in the British Navy was a warship with a single gun deck that carried up to eighteen guns. A sloop-of-war was quite different from a civilian or merchant sloop, which was a general term for a single mast vessel rigged like what would today be called a gaff cutter. In the first half of the 18th century, most naval sloops were two mast vessels, usually carrying a ketch or a snow rig. A ketch had main and mizzen masts but no foremast, while a snow had a foremast and a main mast but no mizzen. The first three mast sloops-of-war appeared during the 1740s, and from the mid-1750s on most were built with three masts. The longer decks of the multi-mast vessels also had the advantage of allowing more guns to be carried. In the 1770s, the two mast brig sloop became popular with the British Navy as it was cheaper and easier to build and for crews to sail it. SNOW In sailing, a snow, snaw or snauw is a square rigged vessel with two masts, complemented by a snow- or trysail-mast stepped immediately abaft (behind) the main mast. The word 'snow' comes from 'snauw' which is an old Dutch word for beak; a reference to the characteristic sharp bow of the vessel. The snow evolved from the (three-masted) ship: the mizzen mast of a ship was gradually moved closer towards the mainmast, until the mizzen mast was no longer a separate mast, but was instead made fast at the main mast top. As such, in the 17th century the snow used to be sometimes classified as a three-masted vessel. XEBEC (CHEBEC or SHEBEC) The xebec was favored among Barbary pirates for she was fast, stable and large. They could reach 200 tons and carried from 4 to 24 cannon. In addition she carried from 60 to 200 crewmen. The xebec had a pronounced overhanging bow and stern, and three masts which were generally lateen-rigged. In addition to sails she was rowed. Information was was found using Wikipedia. https://www.wikipedia.org/
  22. Nice collection of rare Spanish ship plans: http://www.cuervas-mons.com/Miscelanea%20de%20dibujos%20y%20planos.html Enjoy.
  23. The Robuste was an early 1800's 80 gun ship of the Bucentaure class. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_ship_Robuste_%281806%29 General characteristics Class and type: Bucentaure-class Type: ship of the line Length: 55.88 m (183.33 ft) (overall) 53.92 m (176.90 ft) (keel) Beam: 15.27 m (50.10 ft) Depth of hold: 7.63 m (25.03 ft) Propulsion: Sail Sail plan: 2,683 m2 (28,879.57 sq ft) Complement: 866 Armament: 80 guns 30 × 36-pounders 32 × 24-pounders 18 × 12-pounders (12 aft, 6 forecastle) 6 × 36-pounder howitzers Since the Commerce de Marseille is being made please disregard it! I do want the Robuste though. It seems like a great ship and would be fun to play with!
  24. Just a few examples. Not quite sure about what time period i should be aiming, so i went late 17th early 19th century. Main: Príncipe Real (1771-1822): Tonnage: 3500 tons. Lenght: 66 meters. Underwater height: 7 meters Guns: 90 Crew: 950 - Was the most powerful warship ever built by Portugal. - Originally built to carry 80 cannons it could carry 110. - In the beginning of her career assures the safety of the straits of Gibraltar. - Sent to the Mediterranean integrated in the Portuguese fleet, in 1788, to help the British forces of Lord Nelson. - Till 1800 remains in the Mediterranean under the command of the Admiral Marquis de Nisa. - 1807 is sent to Brazil carrying the Portuguese King and court. - In 1822 is integrated in the new Brazilian Navy. Pictures: [1] - http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-fNQJOMNOy94/UxoZQPqN2PI/AAAAAAAAhE0/9ikr_zupEAk/s1600/chegadaRioDJoaoVI.jpg Princesa Carlota (1791-1812): - Fifth Class Ship of the Line. - 44 cannons - crew: 320 minimum. - Atlantic patrol, fought in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1801. Pictures: [1] - http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-oUENJATQSdU/Tjg6p-jTNoI/AAAAAAAAAIs/SrIUXSERu5w/s1600/Fragata+princesa+Carlota+44+pe%25C3%25A7as+de+Artilharia.jpg Nª Srª da Vitória (1735 -1746): - Ship with 74 cannons, launched in Lisbon in 19 of August 1935. - 1736 - 1737 Was the lead ship of the Rio da Prata Squadron, in 1739 fought the pirate forces of Angirá in India. - Was lost returning to the Kingdom in the Mascaregnes. Nª Srª da Arrábida (1736-1744): - Ship with 62 cannons, Launched in Lisbon in the 9th of July 1736. - Took part in operations in Rio da Prata 1736-37. - Was a ship used in the trade routes of India. - Demolished the 23rd February 1744, deemed incapable. Nª Srª da Conceição (1701- 1724): - Ship with 80 cannons, built in Lisbon in 1701. - Went to the rescue of Venice in 1716, and the Battle of Cape Matapan in 1717 as lead Ship. Nª Srª da Assunção (1705-1731): - Ship with 66 cannons. - Went to the rescue of Gibraltar in 1705, to the rescue of Venice in 1716 and the battle of Cape Matapan in 1717. Nª Srª da Glória (1692-1707): - Ship with 60 cannons, built in Porto in 1692. - Fought in Surrate in 1697, rescuing Mombaça in 1698, in an expedition to Mombaça in 1699 and again fought in Surrate in 1704. - Dismantled in Goa (Portuguese India Territory) in 1707. Will try to focus on more details about this ships. Number of sails and surface, crew, gun disposition and so on. More recent ships with pictures and quite detailed: Dom Fernando II e Glória (1845 - 1878 ) - Was the last Sailship built by Portugal, constructed in Portuguese Damão, India. - 50 cannons (28 in battery, 22 on deck) , lenght 86,75 meters, sails surface 2 052,2 square meters (m2) , crew 145 minimum. Pictures: [1] - http://cdn2.shipspotting.com/photos/middle/8/4/8/154848.jpg [2] - http://www.rotasturisticas.pt/imagens/visitar/pt/large/photos1-6951-almada_fragata_dom_fernando_ii_e_gloria.jpg Further sources: Pdf. Book with all the ship references and details: - Publication by the Centre of research and naval studies, Portuguese Navy http://3decks.pbworks.com/f/Catalogo+dos+navios+brigantinos+%281640-1910%29+-+Esparteiro.pdf Wiki (not really a good source at the moment, just to check some names): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ships_of_the_Portuguese_Navy#Sail_battleships_.28ships_of_the_line.29 Battle of Cape Matapan (since its mencioned twice): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Matapan
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