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About Gael

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  1. Hi Mukremin, A couple insights for the movie "Gettysburg" might be: 1. In my opinion, a better actor for General Lee would have been Sean Connery (instead of Martin Sheen), as GEN Lee had a presence about him that got everyone's attention. 2. In some scenes, the stunt men are semi-obvious as they are the ones with the rubber muskets that flex. The 4,000 re-enactors all had real weapons and real bayonets - it was a real effort for us not to hurt each other. 3. The scenes showing us marching in Pickett's Charge from a start in front of the Spangler's woods thru the cannons - some of those (especially the film from a distance) were performed on the Gettysburg National Battlefield Park grounds on the actual ground that Pickett's Division marched over going toward what is now Business Route 15. We were allowed by Park Rangers to only march halfway to Bus. 15 - although the first time, as we didn't know where to stop, we marched all the way to the picket fence on 15. All the people who had parked along the road hoping to hear and see something, got a real thrill as 4,000 of us marched up in front of them - they were cheering - we reenactors were cheering - the Park Rangers were going nuts as they didn't want us to go that far! The next five times we marched that route, we were only allowed to go half way. 4. When the 23 cannons fired in unison to start the Pickett's Charge, the original intent was to film each cannon going off one-by-one, but each time they attempted it there was always one or two mis-fires, so the guy in charge in his frustration, ordered them to fire all at once. This is a unique moment in the film and otherwise as none of the reenactor gun crews had EVER participated in an event where all 23 discharged simultaneously like this. They, and we 4,000, were all duly impressed! 5. The scene where Pickett says to give him his glass (binoculars) - that red building is the Codori barn on the Park. 6. The scene where the Southerners go up to the stone wall - this wall was built up on site about 1-2 miles west of the National Battlefield Park. 7. A command of "Right Shoulder - Shift" was given as we were about to march. This command is unfamiliar to today's military, but back then, one would maintain a good balance of one's musket on the collar bone. As the soldier behind was to maintain a gap 13 inches behind the in front, in case of the front soldier bobbing or falling wounded or whatever,this would offer some protection from the bayonet to the guy behind 8. The spoken lines were from the book "The Killer Angels", as that was also the initial title of the movie until the marketers determined "Gettysburg" would be the best title. 9. I was "recruited" for the film by my brother to march with his unit, the 116th Pennsylvania, during Pickett's Charge Week. For the two days I participated, we wore Southern gray as the "galvanized" 116th "Virginia". I had been attending school at the US Army War College during two weeks in July, and the local TV news was always showing clips of the filming that was leading up to Pickett's Charge Week in August. 10. In this stunt scene (below) used in Pickett's Charge, on extreme right with full face was the personnel manager for Hershey Park, next to the left is a tall 116th reenactor whose name I forget, next and shorter is my brother, and next to him with the flat hat is me (25 years ago in 1992). It is a memorable moment in my life, and this scene played at about 3/4 speed was used in TNT's TV and theater commercials.
  2. Guns per battery

    Casacerian, As to an optimal number of guns, I have never calculated this out. In my mind it has always been 2 guns in a section, 4 to 6 guns in a battery, and about 24 in an artillery battalion. In my CSA battalions, I always attempt to build them up to 24 so I match or outnumber the guns in the Federal units, and have massed fire capability in case of attack by the Federal units. Early in a campaign, I form one battalion per division of 2, 3, or 4 brigades of infantry. But, as a campaign wears on, I start building a 2nd (and sometimes a third) artillery battalion so I can hold off those huge mass-attacks that come at me at Cold Harbor and at Washington, DC. When one has less-capable or less-in-number troops than the foe, one must increase firepower by increasing the number of guns, as per one of Napoleon's dictums ~1813-1814 after he had lost huge numbers of experienced troops during the retreat from Russia. The double battalions also provide enough firepower to help clear the way when the inferior numbers of CSA troops launch their own attacks, such as by the artillery knocking the Federal units off the ramparts of the DC forts. See: Good luck! --Gael
  3. Union Strategy at Cold Harbor

    map from Wikipedia -- Map by Hal Jespersen, www.posix.com/CW, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9063969 Being a descendant of one of Lee's soldier's, I would offer that the arrangement of Longstreet's highly successful attack and break-through at Chickamauga in 21 September 1863 was the model followed by Emory Upton in 1864. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chickamauga "Wood was perplexed by Rosecrans's order, which he received around 10:50 a.m. Since Brannan was still on his left flank, Wood would not be able to "close up on" (a military term that meant to "move adjacent to") Reynolds with Brannan's division in the way. Therefore, the only possibility was to withdraw from the line, march around behind Brannan and form up behind Reynolds (the military meaning of the word "support"). This was obviously a risky move, leaving an opening in the line. Wood spoke with corps commander McCook, and claimed later, along with members of both his and McCook's staff, that McCook agreed to fill the resulting gap with XX Corps units. McCook maintained that he had not enough units to spare to cover a division-wide hole, although he did send Heg's brigade to partially fill the gap.[78] At about this time, Bragg also made a peremptory order based on incomplete information. Impatient that his attack was not progressing to the left, he sent orders for all of his commands to advance at once. Maj. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart of Longstreet's wing received the command and immediately ordered his division forward without consulting with Longstreet. His brigades under Brig. Gens. Henry D. Clayton, John C. Brown, and William B. Bate attacked across the Poe field in the direction of the Union divisions of Brannan and Reynolds. Along with Brig. Gen. S. A. M. Wood's brigade of Cleburne's Division, Stewart's men disabled Brannan's right flank and pushed back Van Cleve's division in Brannan's rear, momentarily crossing the LaFayette Road. A Federal counterattack drove Stewart's Division back to its starting point.[79] Longstreet also received Bragg's order but did not act immediately. Surprised by Stewart's advance, he held up the order for the remainder of his wing. Longstreet had spent the morning attempting to arrange his lines so that his divisions from the Army of Northern Virginia would be in the front line, but these movements had resulted in the battle line confusion that had plagued Cleburne earlier. When Longstreet was finally ready, he had amassed a concentrated striking force, commanded by Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood, of three divisions, with eight brigades arranged in five lines. In the lead, Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson's division straddled the Brotherton Road in two echelons. They were followed by Hood's Division, now commanded by Brig. Gen. Evander M. Law, and two brigades of Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws's division, commanded by Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw. To the left of this column was Maj. Gen. Thomas C. Hindman's division. Brig. Gen. William Preston's division of Buckner's corps was in reserve behind Hindman. Longstreet's force of 10,000 men, primarily infantry, was similar in number to those he sent forward in Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg, and some historians judge that he learned the lessons of that failed assault by providing a massive, narrow column to break the enemy line. Historian Harold Knudsen has described this deployment on a narrow front as similar to the style of the German Schwerpunkt in World War II, achieving an attacker/defender ratio of 8:1. Biographer Jeffry D. Wert also cites the innovative approach that Longstreet adopted, "demonstrating his skill as a battlefield commander." William Glenn Robertson, however, contends that Longstreet's deployment was "happenstance", and that the general's after-action report and memoirs do not demonstrate that he had a grand, three-division column in mind.[80] Longstreet gave the order to move at 11:10 a.m. and Johnson's division proceeded across the Brotherton field, by coincidence to precisely the point where Wood's Union division was pulling out of the line. Johnson's brigade on the left, commanded by Col. John S. Fulton, drove directly through the gap. The brigade on the right, under Brig. Gen. Evander McNair, encountered opposition from Brannan's division (parts of Col. John M. Connell's brigade), but was also able to push through. The few Union soldiers in that sector ran in panic from the onslaught. At the far side of the Dyer field, several Union batteries of the XXI Corps reserve artillery were set up, but without infantry support. Although the Confederate infantrymen hesitated briefly, Gregg's brigade, commanded by Col. Cyrus Sugg, which flanked the guns on their right, Sheffield's brigade, commanded by Col. William Perry, and the brigade of Brig. Gen. Jerome B. Robertson, captured 15 of the 26 cannons on the ridge.[82] As the Union troops were withdrawing, Wood stopped his brigade commanded by Col. Charles G. Harker and sent it back with orders to counterattack the Confederates. They appeared on the scene at the flank of the Confederates who had captured the artillery pieces, causing them to retreat. The brigades of McNair, Perry, and Robinson became intermingled as they ran for shelter in the woods east of the field. Hood ordered Kershaw's Brigade to attack Harker and then raced toward Robertson's Brigade of Texans, Hood's old brigade. As he reached his former unit, a bullet struck him in his right thigh, knocking him from his horse. He was taken to a hospital near Alexander's Bridge, where his leg was amputated a few inches from the hip.[83] Harker conducted a fighting withdrawal under pressure from Kershaw, retreating to Horseshoe Ridge near the tiny house of George Washington Snodgrass. Finding a good defensible position there, Harker's men were able to resist the multiple assaults, beginning at 1 p.m., from the brigades of Kershaw and Brig. Gen. Benjamin G. Humphreys. These two brigades had no assistance from their nearby fellow brigade commanders. Perry and Robertson were attempting to reorganize their brigades after they were routed into the woods. Brig. Gen. Henry L. Benning's brigade turned north after crossing the Lafayette Road in pursuit of two brigades of Brannan's division, then halted for the afternoon near the Poe house.[84] Hindman's Division attacked the Union line to the south of Hood's column and encountered considerably more resistance. The brigade on the right, commanded by Brig. Gen. Zachariah Deas, drove back two brigades of Davis's division and defeated Col. Bernard Laiboldt's brigade of Sheridan's division. Sheridan's two remaining brigades, under Brig. Gen. William H. Lytle and Col. Nathan Walworth, checked the Confederate advance on a slight ridge west of the Dyer field near the Widow Glenn House. While leading his men in the defense, Lytle was killed and his men, now outflanked and leaderless, fled west. Hindman's brigade on the left, under Brig. Gen. Arthur Manigault, crossed the field east of the Widow Glenn's house when Col. John T. Wilder's mounted infantry brigade, advancing from its reserve position, launched a strong counterattack with its Spencer repeating rifles, driving the enemy around and through what became known as "Bloody Pond". Having nullified Manigault's advance, Wilder decided to attack the flank of Hood's column. However, just then Assistant Secretary of War Dana found Wilder and excitedly proclaimed that the battle was lost and demanded to be escorted to Chattanooga. In the time that Wilder took to calm down the secretary and arrange a small detachment to escort him back to safety, the opportunity for a successful attack was lost and he ordered his men to withdraw to the west.[85] All Union resistance at the southern end of the battlefield evaporated. Sheridan's and Davis's divisions fell back to the escape route at McFarland's Gap, taking with them elements of Van Cleve's and Negley's divisions. The majority of units on the right fell back in disorder and Rosecrans, Garfield, McCook, and Crittenden, although attempting to rally retreating units, soon joined them in the mad rush to safety. Rosecrans decided to proceed in haste to Chattanooga in order to organize his returning men and the city defenses. He sent Garfield to Thomas with orders to take command of the forces remaining at Chickamauga and withdraw to Rossville. At McFarland's Gap units had reformed and General Negley met both Sheridan and Davis. Sheridan decided he would go to Thomas's aid not directly from McFarland's gap but via a circuitous route northwest to the Rossville gap then south on Lafayette road. The provost marshal of the XIV Corps met Crittenden around the gap and offered him the services of 1,000 men he had been able to round up during the retreat. Crittenden refused the command and continued his personal flight. At about 3 p.m., Sheridan's 1,500 men, Davis's 2,500, Negley's 2,200, and 1,700 men of other detached units were at or near McFarland's Gap just 3 miles away from Horseshoe Ridge.[87] " --Gael The scene now presented was unspeakably grand. The resolute and impetuous charge, the rush of our heavy columns sweeping out from the shadow and gloom of the forest into the open fields flooded with sunlight, the glitter of arms, the onward dash of artillery and mounted men, the retreat of the foe, the shouts of the hosts of our army, the dust, the smoke, the noise of fire-arms—of whistling balls and grape-shot and of bursting shell—made up a battle scene of unsurpassed grandeur. Confederate Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson[81] The scene now presented was unspeakably grand. The resolute and impetuous charge, the rush of our heavy columns sweeping out from the shadow and gloom of the forest into the open fields flooded with sunlight, the glitter of arms, the onward dash of artillery and mounted men, the retreat of the foe, the shouts of the hosts of our army, the dust, the smoke, the noise of fire-arms—of whistling balls and grape-shot and of bursting shell—made up a battle scene of unsurpassed grandeur. Confederate Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson[81]
  4. Antietam (Confederate Side)

    AegorBlackfyre, I don't think the CSA would have won the war solely on the basis of winning this battle. The army was so worn out by that time, they couldn't continue on their campaign to deliver a decisive blow to the north. The reasoning is that this battle was fought by Lee and the defense of the South Mountain passes two days earlier solely to shield Stonewall in his effort to capture the 11-12,000 Yanks bottled up at Harpers Ferry. OPINION: To lose a corps like that should have shaken the North but for the propaganda mill at work proclaiming a northern victory and Lincoln hurrying to issue the emancipation proclamation, which seems in hindsight to have distracted much attention. According to the book "North With Lee and Jackson", the army was heading north to destroy the anthracite (hard) coal mines in the six counties east of the Susquehanna River, when the very sudden and unexpected forward movement by McClellan occurred just two weeks after the severe thrashing of Pope's army and the subsequent reorganization of both Yank armies into a single entity. Lee, Longstreet, and Jackson were able to continue after 2nd Manassas and Chantilly (west of and right next to Fair Oaks Mall on Rt 50 is a tiny park with two boulders marking where both Generals Kearney and Stevens were killed) as DH Hill had led 3 divisions up from the Richmond area after the majority of McClellan's troops had shipped out and up north to reinforce Pope, while Lincoln was infuriated with McClellan's footdragging and slowness in reinforcing Pope who was "getting his lunch handed to him". Jackson's strategy on destroying the coal mines had been recommended just before the Peninsular Campaign and the Seven Days, so he had to wait til the Fall, and by then the CSA had to go slow as their shoes and clothes were already wearing out just as they were entering Maryland with its stone-paved roads ... The stone roads and worn-out conditions of the Fall of 1862 were definitely on Lee's and Jackson's minds when planning the 1863 campaign, so when they won at Chancellorsville, Lee within a few weeks sent Ewell off for the mines in Pennsylvania once more, only to bump into the battle at Gettysburg. --Gael
  5. Antietam (Confederate Side)

    Hi Mukremin, I have been fortunate enough to arrive at Antietam a few times at BG-level and win. Wiping out or shattering the Feds at Shiloh, 2nd Corinth, and Malvern Hill has dealt body-blows to them and they have difficulty in gathering strength for the next battles. At this moment, I have once more wiped them out at Antietam. My starting numbers are: I Corps 12 bgdes 1 skirmish 5 artillery battalions 2 cavalry supply @35,000 22,054 Soldiers 3000 arty with 120 cannons 1,500 cavalry troopers II Corps 12 bgdes 7 artillery battalions 1 cav supply@35,000 21,900 Soldiers 3750 arty with 150 cannons 750 cav troopers III Corps 6 bgdes 4 skirmishers 5 artillery battalions 1 cav supply 13,763 Soldiers 1875 arty with 75 cannons 750 cav troopers Feds victory CSA inf 58,399 58,617 cav 2315 3,000 Guns 306 345 cas/losses inf 43,071 22,096 guns 210 10 cav 1,350 546 missing 3293 0 Some months back I had read about moving my forces up even with the farthest north line of fence of the Miller farm, so I put weak forces there and straight east, and angled up from the farm to the tip of woods of Nicodemus hill on the left. I placed two artillery battalions behind the fence and one in the open space leading to the hill, and sent two groups of skirmishers out to the left and swung behind the Yanks to knock off their artillery battalion there by the group of trees. Played defense until the group of reinforcements arrived, slowed and stopped their forward motion and started pushing them north, while using skirmishers to gradually make a pocket with the north and east map edges. The cavalry and 3-4 skirmish units started going after the supply wagons and slowly destroying Fed artillery battalions, and then destroyed or captured all Fed units to the northeast. When the units at the sunken road appear, (I had read this tactic earlier), I immediately send 4 inf brigades and 2 arty battalions to the middle bridge - placing one on each side facing the bridge with and arty battalion directly behind each, and place a back-up inf brigade behind each arty battalion. A 5th inf brigade is sent to the woods to the north of the previous units to await a 1,000 trooper cav unit that attempts to clear the road to the bridge - and fails. Once the Feds crossing the bridge are all smashed (inf-cav-arty), then move all your units back to form a quarter circle around the area where a few new units will arrive from across the middle bridge. (I never received a Yank attack at the sunken road.) At Burnside's bridge to the south, bring all available infantry brigades and artillery units to the bridge or to the depression or on the hill directly behind and pour all firepower into any Fed attacks. I always take the unit at the southernmost ford to the bridge while leaving its skirmishers to hold the ford. Eventually I bring all CSA units in the north and at the sunken road to the southeast part of the map, driving all remaining Feds into the SE corner and shattering or capturing them. It sure is easier to win when you start off even in numbers ... --Gael
  6. 2nd Battle of Bull Run

    Mukremin, I note you are starting the battle with a very small number of soldiers and no funding. I follow a somewhat different philosophy of accumulating as many troops as possible - which also has a few personal twists of big artillery battalions (24 cannons each) and a few cavalry brigades (750 each) for speed and distance. In starting another new Southern campaign on BG-level I have reached the 2nd Battle of Manassas once again. In response to your frustration in your first note, I have the following numbers to compare to yours in starting this Battle: 1st Corps 4 Div's 3 Inf Bgdes each 1 arty Batt/Div (1st Div has 2 arty batt's) 2 cav Bgdes 28,517 Soldiers 120 guns 1500 cav 26,897 inf 3000 arty supply @ 35,000 2nd Corps 4 Div's 3 Inf Bgdes each 1 arty Batt/Div 1 cav Bgde 24,335 Soldiers 96 guns 750 cav 23,465 inf 2400 arty supply @ 35,000 3rd Corps 2 Div's 2 Inf Bgdes each 1 arty Batt/Div 1 cav Bgde 9,728 Soldiers 48 guns 750 cav 8,858 inf 1200 arty supply @ 35,000 Here you can see the first two corps are fairly stout and ready to receive and give battle, while I am in process of building a 3rd corps to eventually resemble the other two. Seeing that you have nothing available as to funding gives me pause. I hold off on buying fancy but costly weapons, but do so only gradually upon making certain I have emptied the "recruits" box down to zero if at all possible -- I have to watch the "funding" pile and balance each to the other. I tend to wait to see if a large number of weapons and cannons have been captured after a big battle, that I can supply new recruits at zero or minimal cost. Also, as soon as I can I will boost each corps' supply up to the 35,000-level so I don't have to pay attention to it during any following battle or camp (BUT - do NOT allow your supply to captured!!!). I put my leader points after each victory toward army organization and politics. The politics will provide batches of extra recruits to help build the size of your force. Hopefully, the above will provide insight to you of a different perspective that seems to work for me. As the campaign progresses, I start doubling up on artillery battalions - 2-3 per division. (Check my topic BG-level win at Washington in this forum, where I describe what I did for my first BG-level victory there.) Good luck, --Gael
  7. 2nd Battle of Bull Run

    Gmoney7447, you are most welcome! --Gael
  8. 2nd Battle of Bull Run

    Gmoney7447, COL & BG levels: During the 1st moment of 2nd Manassas (or 2nd Bull Run for the Yanks), I always send cavalry units and all available skirmisher units into most all of the wooded areas of the map - skirmishers into the right/East side of the map can go to wooded or built-up areas in front of the CSA fortifications, but not into the little white banner locations on the railroad as those just get your troops shot up. The skirmishers and cavalry on the middle and left/West - I send all I can get my hands on into the wooded areas - spread out - one skirmisher into Groveton, all others into wooded areas - one in the far left woods toward map bottom - two into woods south of Groveton, three spread north to south in the thin woods north of Groveton, and a couple others into wooded areas in middle and middle-south of the water-way. Watch for any and all targets of opportunity to ambush - supply wagons to capture and send back to be used by CSA during the 1st day - and to wipe out Fed artillery units that are not escorted ( this can really play havoc with the other side's ability to conduct battle. Be certain to remember you need to play "hide-and-seek" and to "run" when the Feds come chasing your skirmishers and cavalry.) There is one artillery battalion that shows up SW of Groveton following 3 Yank brigades - I always stalk that battalion and wipe it out - no matter how long it takes and no matter how much cat-and-mouse I have to do. Realize that supply wagons and artillery (and infantry) flow from East (crossing Bull Run) to far West and to north west. When things work well I can capture 4-6 supply wagons and knock off about 2-4 artillery battalions during the first day. Route those supply wagons SAFELY to your artillery units backing the fortifications at middle and ESPECIALLY the East. These captured supply wagons are the ONLY way to keep my troops supplied with ammo and in the fight during the 1st day's heavy fighting in the East section of fortifications. As CSA, I utilize the fortifications north of the tracks - mid-way between the unfinished railroad line and the woods, and on the bottom edge of the woods toward the West. For the fortifications of middle and East, I put brigades into those with the white banner locations, and put another brigade behind each one in the fortifications - the fire of both are sufficient to turn away the Yanks. When the first one gets worn down, put the 2nd into the fortifications and put the first in the rear position. Although the Yanks take quite a beating, they can still eventually push your troops away from the fortifications - at that time position your troops up the hill and into the edge of the woods. Move reserve troops of the West gradually to the East as those CSA of the East will be wearing down fairly fast once the serious mass attacks start rolling. During the next day -- realize the actual terrain of Bull Run is uniquely formed - there is a portion starting a bit north of stone bridge and starting to turn West, where the Eastern bank of Bull Run forms a "cliff" about 15-25 feet higher than the West bank, and this runs almost all the way over to the Sudley Ford / Sudley Church area. (Sudley Church is there, expanded, and still used by the local community. I lived in the Manassas area for about 5 years. ) There is criticism in some books about Stonewall's not pushing hard and attacking after Porter's attack was beaten back. -- Realize, that he/you WANT to trap the whole Yank force against that cliff area - they can't take their artillery and supply wagons into Bull Run's water (the 3-4 foot banks are steep, and then up that cliff - it is there and it is real. Jackson did not want Pope's Army to move away from Sudley Ford / Bull Run "cliff". This is also why Pope's Army (and McDowell in 1st Manassas) was desperate to retreat everyone across the stone bridge area (E.P. Alexander was the engineer in charge of blowing up stone bridge during Johnston's retreat down to Richmond during the Spring of 1862 - it was rebuilt by the National Battlefield Park Service about 20 years ago so all can once again walk on it.) During the retreat there was another of McClellan's Corps that had pulled up and stationed themselves between Cub Run and Bull Run East of the stone bridge area and would have provided covering fire. This is why Longstreet's attack had to swing around Henry House Hill, sweep past stone bridge, and trap Pope's army against those cliffs, while Jackson had to hold his position around the Sudley Ford and Sudley Church area. When the attack did not go thru the woods to the stone bridge, this is the moment the strategic movements of Jackson and Lee/Longstreet failed in this 2nd attempt to surround Pope's Army for either surrender or destruction. In your game, the strategy is the same - block Sudley Ford, have Longstreet swing around - taking Stone Bridge and the two northern fords, and then pull the noose tighter and tighter while destroying as much of Pope's Army as possible. (Easy ....? ) --Gael
  9. Who's Your Favorite General?

    Favorite general has to be Stonewall Jackson. Always did more with less, and was always trying to strategize ways to win the war. Next favorite would be Forrest (a great "character"), followed by Longstreet who led 4 of the most devastating attacks for the South: 1. 2nd Manassas - 2nd day 2. Gettysburg - 2nd day 3. Chickamauga 4. Wilderness --Gael
  10. All, Upon thinking about the battles I have played as CSA on UG, the ones where I was fortunate enough to wipe out the Yank army, were the following: 1. Shiloh - almost every time 2. Antietam/Sharpsburg 3. Gettysburg - 1st day 4. Stones River 5. Cold Harbor 6. Washington - 1st day The successes were very dependent upon building the Southern army up to even or larger than the Northern one. Philosophy and style are conservative until I get the upper hand, and then I seem to go into a sort of blitzkrieg mode. Like Forrest said - put a skeer into 'em. Once they start moving backward, don't let up and use the game boundaries and surround them. For 1st Manassas I usually annihilate half their army. For 2nd Manassas I generally come close to wiping them out, but not quite. --Gael
  11. CSA Washington @ BG-Level

    Grimthaur, Upon thinking about your question, I think the best response is that I have a strong desire to wipe out Yankee guns whenever I get an opportunity to go after them with skirmishers and/or cavalry. Even during 1st Manassas I was going counter-battery at the Stone Bridge (I lived in Manassas for 5 years and drove and walked around both battlefields almost every weekend) and knocking out batteries there, and when I flanked them on the left I always go for the battery there. After all those battles, there were many guns in inventory that I didn't have to "buy" during the Washington camp. --Gael
  12. Confederate BG campaign

    William 1993, Everyone has their own style, and here is what I follow for CSA: 1. Army Organization for the first 4-5 points - to get a sufficient force started that will hold its own, and then have some punch besides 2. Politics - a necessary evil in this game and in the real world, but you need all the extra troops and funds you can obtain over time 3. From now on I emphasize Army Org and Politics at an even pace up to 10 pts 4. Medicine comes in 3rd occasionally to help get those veterans back into the mix 5. Fill in the others as you see fit - I have not noticed any preference for one over the others. In parallel effort, I will follow this sequence: 1. At beginning, build some solid-sized infantry units at first and increase their size and quality of weaponry as time goes on. 2. At beginning, get a couple GOOD artillery units - preferably at least one 12-pounder Napoleon at beginning (6-pounder if necessary) - starting with small numbers and work the numbers bigger over time -- -- you want to pound the crap out of any opposing unit that gets too close ... 3. At beginning, start a small cavalry unit with sword and horse pistol for 1st Manassas - this and skirmishers can play havoc with opposing supply units and artillery units that are not supported (infantry that will be held out of the up-close fight against you). (e.g. during the 1st moment of 2nd Manassas I always send cavalry units and all available skirmisher units into most all of the wooded areas of the map, watching for any and all targets of opportunity to ambush - supply wagons to capture and send back to be used by CSA during the 1st day - and to wipe out Fed artillery units that are not escorted -- this can really play havoc with the other side's ability to conduct battle. Be certain to remember you need to play "hide-and-seek" and to "run" when the Feds come chasing your skirmishers and cavalry.) Increase the unit's size over time and gradually build up other units - eventually switching to carbines 4. Immediately start stashing extra points into the Logistics pile for each Corps as you build them over time - get to that 35,000 number for each and then forget them 5. Be conservative and use defensive positions and woodlands to conserve and build your numbers over time 6. Always be on the look-out to wipe-out or capture the entire (even a big chunk is good) opposing army if an opportunity offers itself. Once you succeed in this, the opposing army will always be weaker and greener than yours for a period of several battles, giving you further opportunities to repeat your success. 7. Watch your leaders and always promote the high-ranking ones til you get Lieutenant-Generals into the Corps commands, Major-Generals into Division commands, Brigadiers/Colonels/Lieutenant-Colonels into brigade commands. After each battle, go thru your officers and cull out the ones who have been promoted high above where their status says they should be - put them in reserve and then move them to the appropriate levels to maximize your leaders' ranks and capabilities. Leaders will get wounded or killed, and your supply of extras will come in very handy after the big battles. 8. If you are concerned about getting your Army's Commanding General killed or wounded, put him into the reserve roster after the first couple battles and keep him there - he will still be mentioned in all the dispatches. Good luck to you, --Gael
  13. CSA Washington @ BG-Level

    Thanks Lava, Andre, and The Soldier! I really respect and appreciate your comments!!! --Gael
  14. Although not as skilled as some, I have won the Battle of Washington as CSA a number of times at the lowest level (COLONEL), and have now found a way that I can win on the BG-Level of difficulty. After winning thru Cold Harbor on CSA BG-level, I was looking several times at losses at Washington as I just did not have enough infantry troops to last thru the 2nd day when the Feds come at you with the rest of their practically double my 80,000 beginning infantry. When re-starting CSA camp after Cold Harbor this time, I applied the 22,000 replacement Soldiers into as many artillery units as I could. The thinking was similar to what Napoleon faced during 1813-1814 -- when the troop quality and numbers go down, one has to raise overall firepower by increasing your number of big guns, which is what I went for in lieu of filling out solely with infantry as I had been doing - one artillery battalion per division (as suggested by some in this forum). This time I was creating divisions with 2-3 artillery battalions each. Then, I raised the infantry numbers in each division with the remaining replacement troops. 4 corps - 4 divisions - 4, 3, or 2 brigades per division (generally 3 per division - 1800 infantry - 1600 - 1600). I did gain the Grand Victory in this manner, with Fed numbers at 160,554 infantry and 812 guns, with losses of 109,306 infantry, 421 guns, and 11,515 missing. CSA numbers started at 79,919 infantry, 805 guns, with losses of 42,160 infantry and 227 guns. I do point out the immense satisfaction of attacking forts on the first day with enough artillery to force the defending infantry on the walls back away from their positions prior to sending in surrounding infantry. (During my losses, I had to send in infantry to storm the forts, with the attendant losses rapidly building up.) When playing defense on the second day, it was my large number of CSA cannons that enabled me to hold lines and fortifications. --Gael ADDITIONAL INSIGHTS of CSA 2nd Day: 1. Bought maximum available 24 lb howitzers and 20 lb Parrots before battle 2. Tactic: NEVER allow Fort DeRussy, Fort Stevens, and the fort in the southeast to be 100% surrounded 3. Place infantry brigades in forts on ground level ONLY. Use the brigade's skirmisher unit on the wall to minimize casualties to artillery. During a Federal storming assault, THEN bring your fresh infantry brigade onto the top of the wall. In addition, aim your remaining brigades inside fort at the coming assault location and they will help rout the attacking force using their weapons. 4. For DeRussy, Fort Stevens, and the fort in the southeast, use 4-5 artillery battalions - in the artillery positions and on top of the rear walls. Use the small howitzers with their short range as a unit in the center of the fort to help repel attackers. 5. Place a 20 lb Parrot battalion on the rear wall of each of the three primary forts. With their power and extreme range use them primarily in counter-battery to keep the Fed artillery at arm's-length and attrit them. Placement in the rear tends to keep them from becoming primary targets of the AI.
  15. Civil War Art

    Captiva, Your selection of BG Emerson Opdycke leading his Buckeyes at Franklin is a surprise to me. Growing up outside of Stryker, Ohio, the elderly farmer neighbor, Emerson Opdycke, and his family lived on the farm across County Road G from us, and his brother Russell lived two miles down the road. Emerson was named after his Grandfather, pictured with the pistol in this painting you selected. Emerson recounted to us once or twice that during one fierce battle all the field officers dismounted except for COL Opdycke, and as he was the only officer high enough above the smoke who could see where the firing lines were located and could direct the unit's movements, he was later chosen to get his general's star. Emerson's son and one daughter still live in the area. (I grew up surrounded by Yankees ...) --Gael